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Bacteria Advice and Information

Bacteria AdviceBacteria Advice

The table below gives some basic bacteria advice on some of the more common types.

 

 

 

Source. Toxin. Oxygen & Food. Growth Temp. Onset period. Symptoms. Spore former.
Aeromonas hydrophila. believed to be water borne. Not usually in food. Needs oxygen. unknown. unknown. Gastroenteritis. No.
Bacillus Cereus. Soil & Cereals. Heat resistant toxin. Needs oxygen. 7-48 C. 1-5 hours. Abdominal pain. vomiting & diarrhoea. Yes.
Campylobacter jejuni. Birds, mammals & Soil. No. Small amounts of oxygen. 32-45 C. 18-36 hours. Abdominal pain, bloody diarrhoea. No.
Clostridium botulinum. Soil, Vegetables & fish. Toxin destroyed by heat. Only in absence of oxygen. 20-30 C. 12-36 hours. Difficulty in swallowing & breathing, paralysis: often fatal. Yes.
Clostridium perfringens. Soil & guts of mammals. Not usually in food. Only in absence of oxygen. 15-50 C. 12-18 hours. Abdominal pain & diarrhoea. Yes.
Escherichia coli. Guts of mammals. No. Needs oxygen. 4-45 C. 12-24 hours. Abdominal pain, fever , bloody diarrhoea, vomiting. No.
Helicobacter pylori. Mucous lining of the stomach and gut of animals. converts urea to ammonia which damages cells. low levels of oxygen. N/A. Unknown. Peptic ulcers, gastric reflux. No.
Listeria monocytogenes. Sewage, soil & river water. No. Needs oxygen. 0-45 C. Weeks or months. Contraction of meningitis and septicaemia. Can be fatal. No.
Salmonella sp. Guts of mammals, milk & eggs. No. With & without. 7-45 C. 12-36 hours. Abdominal pain, diarrhoea & vomiting. No.
Shigella spp. water containing human faeces. food or water. unknown. unknown. 12-50 hours. Abdominal pain & diarrhoea. No.
Staphylococcus aureus. Ears, nose, throat & wounds. Heat resistant toxin. With & without. 7-45 C. 1-6 hours. Abdominal pain, vomiting & reduced temperature. No.
Vibrio paraheamolyticus. Prawns & crabs. No. With & without. 8-44 C. 12-24 hours. Diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain and dehydration. No.
Yersinia enterocolitica. Guts of animals, raw milk & shellfish. Heat resistant toxin. Only without oxygen. 1-35 C. 3-5 days. Diarrhoea, abdominal pain, fever & headache. No.